Select and procure indigenous plant saplings of at least 30 varied species. This should comprise trees, sub trees and shrubs.
Reason: A combination of wild, medicinal, fruiting and flowering plants will help maintain biodiversity.
Prepare a potting mixture with soil, coir pith, dry cow dung (or goat droppings) and rice hull in the ratio of 1:1:1:1. Fill these in grow bags and plant the saplings in them. Nurture the saplings for three months.
Reason: This will help the roots grow well and strong.
Dig the planting site one metre deep, and remove soil to a depth of half a metre. Add equal quantities of coir pith, dry cow dung (or goat droppings) and rice hull to the soil and mix well.
Reason: The loosened soil, enriched with organic biomass, will let the roots go easily and deep into the soil.
Mark the planting ground into one square metre segments. Plant three to four saplings in each, selecting a tree and a combination of sub trees and shrubs.
Reason: The competition for sunlight will make all of them grow vigorously.
Mulch the ground gently with dry leaves/wood shavings/rice hull/hay up to 15 cm depth.
Reason: The mulch will prevent the growth of weeds and help retain moisture in the soil.